The 2010 UN Biodiversity Summit finished last week with new rules for access and benefit sharing, a strategic plan for 2011-2020 and a renewed call for business engagement. The event has been described as “one of the most successful meetings in the history of the CBD,” and is likely to promote growing awareness and attention to biodiversity across sectors and activities.
The tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 10) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) met in Nagoya, Japan from 18-29 October 2010. Some of the main outcomes include:
– The Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, which establishes a set of rules and procedures that will advance the implementation of the relevant CBD principles.
- It is a new binding international instrument, different but related to the CBD. It has institutional and procedural links to the CBD. Nevertheless, to enter into force, it will need to be separately signed, ratified and implemented by countries.
- It addresses both genetic resources and traditional knowledge, seeking to provide further clarity on the triggers for access and benefit sharing obligations, as well as to establish certain mechanisms to facilitate the sharing of benefits, the exchange of information, and monitoring and compliance.
– The Strategic Plan 2011-2020, entitled “Living in harmony with Nature.” The Strategic Plan includes the vision, strategic goals, and implementation and support mechanisms for future action under the CBD. For example, the Strategic Plan sets out its goal of a world where biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used. Targets include:
- At least halving and where feasible bringing close to zero the rate loss of natural habitats including forests
- Establishing a target of 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of marine coastal areas as nature reserves
– The COP 10 decision on business engagement, which notes the progress made in engaging the private sector for integrating biodiversity concerns into corporate strategies, and calls on Parties, business and the CBD Secretariat to take different actions to continue working towards these goals.
UEBT, with its expertise and experience on advancing the ethical sourcing of biodiversity, is committed and well placed to continue its role as a key partner in advancing the implementation of CBD objectives and principles in business policies and practices.
For any comments or questions, please contact the UEBT Secretariat.